University of Iowa

Allexis Mahanna 
Global Health Studies, Engaged Social Innovation
Destination: Barcelona & Alegciras, Spain
Project Title: Local Migration Responses: Comparative Case Studies of Algeciras & Barcelona Spain

This ethnographic research project will evaluate local migration policies and responses in two distinct areas of Spain, Algeciras and Barcelona, through a comparative case study. This project will begin with a thorough literary analysis of local and country wide migration policies, population density changes, and the historical perceptions of migrants in Spain, spanning from 1985 to 2018. Three weeks will be spent qualitatively evaluating Barcelona’s local migration policies and responses, including their city council’s Refuge City program. This evaluation will be performed through interviews with local government officials, Refuge City coordinators, professionals and volunteers working within migration agencies, and migration researchers at Universitat de Barcelona. The following three weeks will be spent qualitatively evaluating Algeciras’ local migration policies and responses through interviewing professionals and volunteers of migration agencies, local government officials, and citizens in the area. The interviews will be recorded, transcribed, and categorically coded utilizing a process coding methodology in order to identify key themes and patterns. A comprehensive research paper will then be constructed from this data, with the literary analysis providing necessary background information. This paper will explain the respective local migration responses in Algeciras and Barcelona at this point in time, and what the implications and consequences of these responses may be.

Emma Sillman
Global Health Studies, Economics
Destination: Mysore, Saragur and Kencheahalli India
Project Title: Physician Perceptions of Counterfeit Medications in Karnataka, India 

I am a seeking a Stanley Undergraduate Award for International Research to examine physician’s perceptions of counterfeit medications in Karnataka, India from July 16th through August 14th.  Counterfeit medications are, simply put, pharmaceuticals that are marketed as something they are not.  They may contain incorrect amounts of active ingredients, harsh substances, or may simply be mislabeled.  These fraudulent medications can pose a serious threat to personal health and undermine trust in medical authority and health systems.  Since the 1980’s, the global prevalence of counterfeit pharmaceuticals has risen dramatically.  Worldwide, an estimated ten percent of pharmaceuticals are counterfeit. In some areas of Africa, Latin America, and Asia that number could be as high as thirty percent. India has experienced rapid growth in their pharmaceutical industry, and they are now the fourth largest producer of medications in the world.  The country exports over 15 billion dollars worth of drugs to nearly 200 countries each year.  International reports suggest that India is a primary source of counterfeit medications, however, the actual number remains unknown and highly contested.  This project seeks to gain a better understanding of the awareness of counterfeit medications and the risk they pose to patients based on physician perceptions in the state of Karnataka, India.  I will use an ethnographic methodology focusing on semi-structured interviews with physicians and pharmacists in two hospitals associated with Swami Vivekananda Youth Movement, located in Saragur and the rural village of Kenchenahalli.  Health workers are the target interviewees because they will be able to convey both trends concerning their patients’ experiences and personal insights.  I will analyze data, looking for themes concerning prevalence of counterfeit medications, patient risk, and possible solutions.