The University of Iowa

2005: Global Perspectives on Injury

April 9-10, 2005

Conference Coordinator

Dr. Thomas Cook

Conference Summary

The 2005 Global Health Studies Conference conference focused on four major topics: road traffic injuries, occupational injuries, interpersonal violence, and disasters.

"The traditional view of injuries as "accidents", or random events, has resulted in the historical neglect of this area of public health. However, the most recent estimates show that injuries are among the leading causes of death and disability in the world. They affect all populations, regardless of age, sex, income, or geographic region. In 1998, about 5.8 million people (97.9 per 100,000 population) died of injuries worldwide, and injuries caused 16% of the global burden of disease. Road traffic injuries are the 10th leading cause of death and the 9th leading cause of the burden of disease; self-inflicted injuries, falls, and interpersonal violence follow closely.

Injuries affect mostly young people, often causing long-term disability. Decreasing the burden of injuries is among the main challenges for public health in the next century--injuries are preventable, and many effective strategies are available. Public health officials must gain a better understanding of the magnitude and characteristics of the problem, contribute to the development and evaluation of injury prevention programs, and develop the best possible prehospital and hospital care and rehabilitation for injured persons."

From EG Krug, GK Sharma and R Lozano at the World Health Organization, "The global burden of injuries." (American Journal of Public Health, Vol 90, Issue 4 523-526, 2000).

Selected Global Injury Information - Online Resources

World Health Organization's (WHO) Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention works to prevent injuries and violence, to mitigate their consequences, and to enhance the quality of life for persons with disabilities irrespective of the causes. This site contains reports and links to other sites, databases, fact sheets, and resources.

Injury Chart Book provides a global overview of the nature and extent of injury mortality and morbidity in the form of tables and charts. (pdf file is downloadable at no cost.)

Center for Disease Control (CDC) Injury and Violence (Atlanta) contains basic information about injury and violence and numerous resources and data for the US.

The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) (Atlanta) works to reduce morbidity, disability, mortality, and costs associated with injuries.

The University of Iowa Injury Prevention Research Center (IPRC) focuses primarily on rural populations at high risk of injury including children, the elderly, farmers and farm families.

The Global Burden of Injuries. American Journal of Public Health EG Krug, GK Sharma, and R Lozano; 2000 90: 523-526

The World Bank Group provides economic and development data on nearly every country in the world.

CIA World Fact Book, lists population, government, military, and economic information for nearly all countries around the world.

Selected Global Injury Information - Print Resources

Violence: a public health priority. WHO Global Consultation on Violence and Health. 1996 . WHO/EHA/SPI.POA.2

Injury: a leading cause of the global burden of disease. E. Krug, ed. 1999 . WHO/HSC/PVI/99.11

Injury surveillance guidelines. Y. Holder et al., eds. 2001 . WHO/NMH/VIP/01.02 (published in collaboration with the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Violence against women: a priority health issue. 1997 .WHO/FRH/WHD/97.8

Report of the Consultation on Child Abuse Prevention, WHO, Geneva, 29-31 March 1999. WHO/HSC/PVI/99.1

Missing voices: views of older persons on elder abuse. World Health Organization/International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse. 2002 . WHO/NMH/VIP/02.1 & WHO/NMH/NPH/02.2