Unprecedented cuts were made by Congress to International Education and Foreign Language Studies for the current fiscal year. While a $50 million reduction may not seem terribly large in the context of a federal budget of more than $3 trillion, this particular cut amounts to a 40% decrease in funding for these areas, affecting U.S. Department of Education programs in particular.
Currently on return flights from a trip to Asia, with at least my fair share of flight delays, I have had time to reflect on the importance of building relations between the University of Iowa and our constituencies abroad, in particular the growing number of friends and alumni we have living in other countries. There are two reasons for the growing significance of our ties to friends and alumni abroad. First, there is the fact that our international enrollment has grown significantly over the past few years, particularly at the undergraduate level. We welcomed about 60 new, first-year i
Activities in India–from faculty partnerships and institutional visits, to study abroad efforts–have increased substantially in the past few years. Our India “Winterim” study abroad program, which takes place each year from the end of December to the beginning of the spring semester in late January, is a case in point. In the winter term, 2006-07, there was a single course offered in India, and 17 students enrolled. By any standard measure, a group of 17 is a healthy start for a first-time study abroad program. But from 2006-07 to 2010-11, the program has exploded. This past winter, 16
Toko Igarashi, professor at Joetsu University of Education near the west-central coast of Japan, visited campus on March 21st as part of Joetsu’s longstanding ties to our College of Education. She was able to relate from personal experience and in great detail the terrible events that came during and after the devastating earthquake that hit on March 11th. Toko was able to reach the Tokyo airport by car, and described seeing seeing middle-aged Japanese men with golf equipment heading for a flight to Hawaii, a surreal vision following the devastation and hardships of recent weeks. We were pleased that, in such trying times, Toko was able to visit the University of Iowa to affirm our relationship with Joetsu and to plan future cooperation.
The blogs and the press have been fast and furious in following the fast-paced and unprecedented changes in both Tunisia and Egypt over the past several weeks. Indeed, there has been so much going on, and so much processing of events in the media, that it has kept me quiet, reading accounts or glued to the TV rather than commenting on what has been happening in the world. I have found a few truly insightful pieces, and was impressed by the reporting in the NY Times last Sunday about the difficult discussions and awkward statements from the White House and the Department of State.
By Downing Thomas
Last week, with my still fresh New Year’s resolution to read more (more international perspectives in the news, more contemporary literature), I found a fascinating article in Le Monde analyzing the strange fact that the French President has had no spokesperson for over two and a half years. Most Western democracies put their spokespersons on camera regularly–daily in the U.S., twice per day in Britain, three times each week in Germany). Yet, France, in its role as the exceptional democracy, has decided to do without.
Last week in Washington, the U.S. Center for Citizen Diplomacy held a Summit where over 600 people gathered to discuss the importance of citizen diplomacy–people to people efforts that reach out beyond our national borders to forge close ties between individuals and countries. A partnership with the Department of State, the summit was tremendous in the energy it generated and the broad spectrum of interests it attracted, from business to education to aid and development organizations to individuals in the arts.
In an article originally published in the Global Times and reprinted in the China Daily on October 29th, Zhang Weiwei chided the chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee committee, Thorbjorn Jagland, for claiming that “human rights stand superior to state sovereignty.” Weiwei argues that this “obsolete Western tune” is a fallacy for three reasons: that standards on human rights vary from country to country; that no one (and certainly not the Nobel Committee) is authorized to determine what is or isn’t a violation of human rights; and that the notion that state sovereignty must bow to human rights is far from an accepted truth. Support for the latter assertion is found in the Charter of the United Nations, which lists the equality of sovereign states as its first principle.
It is particularly unsettling to hear of the decision at the State University of New York in Albany to suspend admissions to the B.A. programs in French, Italian, and Russian, as well as Classics and Theatre. In our world of 2010, with so many global exchanges in higher education and throughout the business world, it has never been more important for our students to understand multi-cultural perspectives.
As I see the many new international faces on campus this fall, I am also hearing many languages–on the bus and on the streets, in the hallways, and in the Old Capital Centre where our offices are located and where many students hang out eating lunch or studying in between classes. It occurs to me that these many languages of Iowa City (who would have thought?) drive home the fact that our monolingualism in the U.S. is the exception rather than the rule. I suspect that the increasing numbers of international students at the University of Iowa are conveying this important fact to all of our students, particularly those from the Midwest who have not ventured far from home.
On behalf of International Programs, allow me to welcome you to the 2010-2011 academic year after what I hope were refreshing and productive summer months. I very much look forward to working with you to support the international research, teaching, and external engagement that you undertake through IP’s centers and programs, international exchanges, linkage proposals, and the new ways you find to pursue academic innovations across collegiate borders.
“21st century diplomacy takes more than government to government interaction — it also requires substantial people to people contact in which we try as directly as possible to reach people through governments, around governments, and under governments in every way possible.” — Hilary Clinton
Thinking about the majority of students who stay on campus during their years at the University, it is intriguing to consider what leads those nearly 20% of UI undergraduates who study abroad to make that decision and to stick to it. Our own Mark Salisbury has been exploring the factors that shape intent to study abroad for some time. One of the findings of Mark’s research is that women are much more likely to study abroad than men because of gender differences in how students respond to interactions with their peers and to the academic environment.
I had the opportunity recently to attend two events that are exemplary of the ways in which International Programs works to connect our campus and community in Iowa to the globe. The first, a lecture by Dr. Gebisa Ejeta, a native of Ethiopia and distinguished professor at Purdue University, was exemplary of the connections between human rights issues and agricultural science.
The other event—actually a full-blown conference, the Obermann Humanities Symposium (co-sponsored by International Programs)—highlighted a new breed of public scholar who champions engaged humanities research.